How about a walk on the frozen river? Sounds very adventurous and thrilling!
For those looking for adventure and some action, a trail on the Zanskar River is a must. The best time to do the Chadar trek is between January to February, when the temperature during the winters drops sometimes to -30 to -35 degrees, which makes the Zanskar River look like a blanket of crystal.
Chadar means 'layer,' indicating the layer of ice that covers the river. During the winters, the river transforms into an ice sheet where the famous Chadar trek is performed. Chadar refers to the blanket as the Zanskar River transforms itself from a rapid river into a white blanket of ice during winter, a pristine grandeur. The trail is long and the temperatures are in minus.
The frozen Zanskar River served, and still serves as the traditional and only way of connection between Leh and Zanskar for the locals in the harsh winter months of Ladakh. It is being used by the locals for centuries.
Flying over miles and miles of heavily snowed mountains will tell you just why it is impossible to reach Ladakh by road in the winters. The moment you land at the Leh Airport, one of the highest airports in the world, you will feel the fresh and crisp air, and a drastic drop in the temperature. The town has just begun shedding off the thick winter slumber and is slowly coming to life. Taking a stroll through the Leh Market, you will find that very few shops and eateries in the town are open for business; but if required, some last minute-shopping for the trek can be done here. The chill in the air will serve only as a preview of the temperatures during this winter trek. The night is spent in a cozy guest house.
Day 2: Tilad Do via Chilling from Leh
Enjoy the cultural and natural beauty of Leh. This can be considered as a day to get familiar with the town and also acclimatize to the weather. But today's agenda includes a very picturesque and thrilling long-drive to Chilling. The roller-coaster ride takes you along the Indus to the village of Nimu, where the Zanskar converges into Indus. After stopping at this confluence point to take in the view, the drive continues and the road begins descending right into the river valley. Among these mammoth mountains, the feeling of insignificance of ones being does not escape anyone.
To reach the camp-site, you have to cross the frozen Zanskar and this is when you take your first steps on the Chadar. It takes a while to get a hang of walking on the ice sheet. To get some exercise and keep warm, you can climb up the nearby mountains and get a good look at the frozen river. As the sun sets, temperatures plummet, and the sleeping bags in the tents look quite inviting.
Day 3: Tilad Do to Gyalpo
The biggest challenge of this day, and all the remaining days, is to get out of the warm toasty sleeping bags and go out into the giant freezer outside; but the steaming cups of tea being served provide ample motivation.
Today is a long walking session, about 12 km, on the Chadar. The trek leaders from Geographic Tours give a briefing about the day, and give tips on how to walk on the Chadar. Depending on the weather, the Chadar can assume various forms. It can be a cold and hard surface of slippery ice, or it can have a dusting of snow over it, providing a good grip. The ice can be thick or thin, and its best to keep closely following the guide. The locals, it appears, have a sixth sense as to where exactly to step on the Chadar. At places, it might be necessary to wade through ankle deep water, or climb on the cliffs at the side of the river. Eventually you get used to walking on the Chadar, which looks like a cross between gliding and skating. Mid way to Gyalpo, the porter-cum-cooks prepare hot bowlfuls of soupy noodles for lunch. It is important to keep up a decent level of fluid intake. Nothing makes you adapt to the conditions faster than nicely circulating blood in your system.
After passing Shingra Koma, you reach the camp-site for the day at Gyalpo, where the tents have already been pitched by the porters. The Gyalpo campsite is at a bend in the river, surrounded by high peaks and walls of rock-faces which almost look man-made. All that is left to do is to soak in the views, have an early dinner and call it a day.
Day 4: Gyalpo to Tibb Cave
This day follows the same early morning routine: bed tea at 7, breakfast at 8, and quick-march at 8:30. Have a good breakfast, as today is the longest walk of the day; almost 14 km. But that is nothing to worry about, all the walking keeps you incredibly warm. Today’s walk through the deep ravines of the Zanskar is stunning. The sublime walls of the mountains on either sides of the river keep the sunlight away from the Chadar for most part of the day. There are numerous caves in these mountains, big and small. Today is the day when you can see frozen waterfalls, some higher than the others. As the fable goes, centuries ago the local villagers faced a dearth of water and went to Tibet to plead for water. They were given a box which they were to open once they reached the village, and not any time sooner. But curiosity got the better out of them, and when they opened the box, two fishes jumped out of it, creating two huge waterfalls. One of those waterfalls, miraculously, is not iced-up even in such freezing cold. The rocks below this waterfall are covered with moss, and this is the only greenery you shall see on this trek. At Tibb, there is a big cave. This cave is the dwelling of all the porters, and they welcome you warmheartily in here. The highlight of the day is to share a cup of butter-tea with them!
Day 5: Tibb Cave to Naerak
Today is the most spectacular of all days on this trek. Walking on the river you cross deep gorges and reach a point where juniper trees are covered with prayer flags. The porters give you a twig of this tree tied with a piece of prayer flag as a badge of good-luck and good-health. A few steps away stands the mother-of-all frozen waterfalls, a huge instance of suspended animation several feet tall and equally wide. You can see dozens of colours in this enormous ice structure as sunlight plays off its surface. Right next to the waterfall is a bridge across the river which is a part of the summer-time road from Zanskar to Leh. The Naerak Village lies several feet above the river, a vigorous hour-long trek can take you to the village if you want to see the life of a Zanskari. The camp is set up close to the river.
Day 6: Naerak to Tibb
Today you start the return journey and go back to the Tibb cave. And if you thought that it was just a matter of retracing your steps back to Chilling, you can think again. The Zanskar River reacts to the slightest change of temperature, and constantly keeps repackaging itself. The Chadar would have assumed a completely new form, and it will almost be impossible to say whether you have been here before.
On the way, you can meet a lot of locals wearing their traditional woolen gonchas, some of the monks who are hiking from the Lingshed Monastery to Leh, some of the young students accompanied by their parents returning to their schools in Leh after the winter vacation. Watching the locals negotiate the Chadar is a fascinating sight. They are suitably adept to the climate and seem very much at home in the sub-zero temperature and the biting cold winds. Nothing wipes the smiles off their faces and dampens the warmth of their spirit.
Day 7: Tibb to Gyalpo
Starting from Tibb, go up to Gyalpo today. The high walls of mountains rising from the sides of the river almost look like castle walls. You can see several trails of pug-marks all along the trek footprints belonging to foxes, ibex or snow-leopards. You would be lucky to view a snow-leopard; but you can almost be sure that you are being watched by one all the time.
Day 8: Gyalpo to Tilad Do, and drive back to Leh
This is the last day of treading on the Chadar, the last chance to immerse in the pristine beauty of the frozen river. Once you reach Tilad Do, it is time to say good-bye to the Zanskar and the Zanskaries. The team and porters will take good care of you and make this trek one of the most memorable experiences of a lifetime. Tonight, you get to sleep in a warm guest-house again at Leh.
Day 9: Leh to Delhi
Today will be your last day in Leh! With a heavy heart, bid a goodbye. After breakfast, depart for an early morning flight to Delhi. Chadar trek ends here.
All veg meals while on trek only (veg)
Tents, sleeping bags & toilet tent
First aid medical kit
Qualified and experienced trek guide and support staff
Wildlife and ALTOA fee
Cost escalation due to unforeseen reason
Anything which is not mentioned in inclusions
Mules or porter to carry personal luggage
About the Organizer
Leh Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport
NH 1D, Leh, Jammu and Kashmir 194101